Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s. The date perhaps most commonly identified as marking the birth of modern art is 1863, the year that Édouard Manet showed his painting Le déjeuner sur l’herbe in the Salon des Refusés in Paris.

Modern artists experimented with new ways of seeing and with fresh ideas about the nature of materials and functions of art.